The division of power in Canada between federal, provincial and territorial governments was originally introduced by the British North America Act of 1867, which was renamed the Constitution Act in 1982. In 1867, specific clauses in the act gave the federal government certain health care powers, such as quarantine. In accordance with Section 92, “provincial legislators” have “exclusive powers” over the “establishment, maintenance and management” of “hospitals, asylum seekers, charities and elmosynary institutions in and for the province, with the exception of marine hospitals.”  Canada`s publicly funded health care system is described as an interdependent set of ten provincial plans and three territorial health insurance plans. The system, known as the “medicare” by Canadians, provides access to universal and comprehensive care for the necessary hospital and medical care. These services are managed and provided by provincial and territorial governments (i.e. state or regional governments) and are provided free of charge. Provincial and territorial governments fund health services with the support of the federal (i.e. national) government. In Canada, oral health care is not included in the law. Most Canadians receive oral health care through private dental clinics and pay for benefits themselves through insurance or by themselves. Some dental services are covered by government dental programs. Residents who move from one province or another are still covered by their “province of origin” for a minimum waiting period of at least three months imposed by the new province/territory of their place of residence.
When the waiting time expires, the new province/residential area supports your health care. The result was that the Progressive Conservative government of John Diefenbaker, who also coincidentally represented Saskatchewan, introduced and passed the Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act of 1957 (with all-party approval). As a result, the cost of covering hospital services has been reduced. As of the launch date (July 1, 1958), five provinces – Newfoundland, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia – had programs that could receive federal funding. On January 1, 1961, when Quebec finally joined, all provinces had universal hospital care. The provinces and territories have considerable flexibility in deciding how to fund health insurance plans. Funding can be made through the payment of premiums (as in British Columbia), payroll taxes, sales taxes, other provincial or territorial income, or a combination of methods. Health insurance premiums are allowed as long as residents are denied coverage for necessary hospital and medical care because they are not able to pay such premiums. Provinces/territories that collect premiums also offer income-based financial assistance, so low-income residents can reduce their payments or be totally exempt from payment. Another reason for discussion is the extent of what should be included as “insured benefits.” For historical reasons, the CHA`s definition of insurance benefits is largely limited to care provided in hospitals or by physicians.